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Services Under Civil Law

Law Related to Property

  • Partition Suit: When two or more co-owners of a property disagree on the partition of the property, a partition suit can be filed to divide the property among the co-owners.

  • Suit for Specific Performance of Contract: When one party to a contract for the sale or transfer of a property fails to perform their obligations, the other party can file a suit for specific performance of the contract.

  • Suit for Possession: When a person is wrongfully dispossessed of their property, they can file a suit for possession to regain possession of the property.

  • Suit for Declaration of Title: When there is a dispute over the ownership of a property, a suit for declaration of title can be filed to obtain a declaration from the court regarding the ownership of the property.

  • Suit for Injunction: When a person is threatened with the violation of their property rights, they can file a suit for injunction to prevent the violation of their rights.

  • Suit for Ejectment: When a person is occupying a property without any legal right, a suit for ejectment can be filed to remove the person from the property.

Law of Sucession

  • Probate: A probate is a legal process to validate the will of the deceased and ensure that it is the last testament of the deceased person. A probate is required when the deceased person has left a will.

  • Letters of Administration: When a person dies intestate (without leaving a will), the court can grant letters of administration to a legal heir, giving them the authority to manage and distribute the assets of the deceased.

  • Partition Suit: When there is a dispute among legal heirs regarding the distribution of the deceased person's property, a partition suit can be filed to divide the property among the legal heirs.

  • Succession Certificate: A succession certificate is a legal document issued by a court that establishes the legal heirs of the deceased person and authorizes them to inherit and manage the assets of the deceased.

  • Will Dispute: When there is a dispute over the validity of a will or its contents, a suit can be filed challenging the will or seeking interpretation of its terms.

  • Family Settlement Agreement: In some cases, legal heirs may enter into a family settlement agreement to distribute the assets of the deceased person among themselves. The agreement can be filed with the court for validation.

Family Law 

  • Petition for Divorce under various grounds mentioned under sections 13 (1) & (2) and 13B of the Hindu Marriage Act viz. (i) on the ground of mutual consent (ii) Petition on the ground of cruelty, desertion, impotence, adultery, etc.  

  • Petition for custody of children under provisions of HMA, 1955

  • Application u/s 24 of HMA for seeking interim maintenance and expenses by wife;

  • Application for restitution of conjugal rights;

  • Suit for partition of the joint property owned jointly by husband and wife;

  • Criminal complaint Under section 498A read with 406 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 and its proceeding before CAW cell;

  • Complaint under Protection of women from Domestic Violence Act 2005;

  • Complaint under Dowry Prohibition Act;

  • An application under section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 seeking maintenance for the wife;

  • Complaints under the various sections of the Indian Penal Code;

  • · Petitions under the child and wards act, guardianship act, etc. 

  • · Petition for custody of children, wards, appointments of guardians, etc.

Law Related to Documents and Declaratory Suits

  • Declaration Suit: A declaration suit can be filed to obtain a declaration from the court regarding the authenticity or validity of a document, such as a will, deed, or contract.

  • Suit for Cancellation of Document: When a document is fraudulently or illegally executed, a suit for cancellation of the document can be filed to cancel the document and remove any legal effect it may have.

  • Suit for Rectification of Document: When a document contains an error or mistake, a suit for rectification of the document can be filed to correct the error or mistake and bring the document in conformity with the original intent of the parties.

  • Suit for Specific Performance of Contract: When a party to a contract fails to perform their obligations, a suit for specific performance of the contract can be filed to compel the party to perform their obligations, including the execution of a document.

  • Suit for Recovery of Possession: When a person is wrongfully dispossessed of their property based on a fraudulent or forged document, a suit for recovery of possession can be filed to regain possession of the property.

Law of Injunction

  • Permanent Injunction: A permanent injunction can be granted by the court to prevent the violation of a legal right in perpetuity. For example, a permanent injunction can be granted to prevent a person from using a trademark or to prevent a person from constructing a building on disputed land.

  • Temporary Injunction: A temporary injunction can be granted by the court to prevent the violation of a legal right until the final decision in the case is made. For example, a temporary injunction can be granted to prevent a person from demolishing a building until the dispute over the ownership of the property is resolved.

  • Mandatory Injunction: A mandatory injunction can be granted by the court to compel a person to perform a specific act to prevent the violation of a legal right. For example, a mandatory injunction can be granted to compel a person to remove a structure that is obstructing a public right of way.

  • Prohibitory Injunction: A prohibitory injunction can be granted by the court to prevent a person from performing a specific act that would violate a legal right. For example, a prohibitory injunction can be granted to prevent a person from using a trade secret that belongs to another person.

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